Bed Bugs in Your Apartment? Here's What to Do
If you find bed bugs in your apartment, don't panic! Though bed bugs are annoying and can be difficult to treat, they’re among the least harmful pests that can enter your abode and not thought to spread disease. Bed bugs are small, brown insects that most commonly take refuge in the beds of unsuspecting homeowners and renters.
They typically feed on human or animal blood during the night hours. One of the first signs of an infestation is small red bumps anywhere on the body that mature into itchy welts. If you further inspect your bedding and determine that you’re dealing with a bed bug infestation, take a second to breathe...
Now, it's time to take action! Here's everything you need to know about how to handle bed bugs in your apartment from causes to prevention and everything in between.
What Attracts Bed Bugs
There's a cultural stigma surrounding bed bug infestations. Many people believe that they’re caused by a lack of hygiene or general uncleanliness.
However, bed bugs are just as likely to infest the cleanest of houses as they are the dirtiest. In a home with more clutter, bed bugs have more hiding spots and can be more difficult to detect. However, that’s not what invites them.
Bed bugs are attracted to the following:
- Carbon Dioxide: Every exhale produces carbon dioxide. When sleeping, we tend to take deeper, slower breaths. That produces a steady carbon dioxide source.
- Blood: We all have it, and bed bugs feed on it.
- Warmth: Our bodies are generally warmer than our environment. At night, bodies provide a nice source of warmth for bed bugs, especially as the temperature drops.
As you can see, it's a simple fact that being human attracts bed bugs. However, it's the spread of bed bugs that can be more concerning.
Bed bugs are spread when they are carried from place to place by humans or when other sources of sustenance are available in close proximity.
If you know of an infestation, it's crucial to inform others. That way, they can take preventative measures by spraying barrier chemicals to prevent the spread.
How to Spot Bed Bugs
Even if you’ve noticed itchy, red welts, they aren’t distinctive. They could be from several creatures, from mosquitos to spiders.
The only real way to determine whether you have a bed bug infestation is to find one and identify it.
Bed bugs have wide, flat bodies. Adults have a reddish-brown appearance and are about the size of an apple seed.
If they’ve recently fed, there will be a dark spot beginning at their tail end and extending upwards. They generally leave tell-tale black droppings on mattresses, cluster in groups during the day, and reside in crevices in or around the bed.
As people often mistake bed bugs for other similar-looking insects, identifying them can be challenging. Check out these common bed bug lookalikes to be sure that you're not mistaken in your identification.
If you can't find another bed bug after a thorough search of your room, don't see any black droppings, and have not developed any red, itchy welts, then it's not likely that you’re dealing with a bed bug infestation. However, it's important to check for them routinely.
What to Do if you Find Bed Bugs in your Apartment
If you're a tenant that has recently found out that you have bed bugs, the first thing that runs through your head is likely panic. What do you do if you find bed bugs in your apartment? The most important thing is to stay calm.
Here's a step-by-step breakdown of everything you should do once you've identified a bed bug infestation:
1. Notify your landlord or property manager
They’ll need to work out a way to inform the rest of the tenants, mount a prevention strategy, and work with you to find a solution.
2. Calmly look for an exterminator or pest control operator (PCO)
Successfully handling a bed bug infestation requires professional help. Though you may find DIY methods online, it's best to leave the work to the professionals. Take some time and do some research. Remember, they're not going to spread exponentially in the short time it takes you to find a qualified PCO.
3. Start the cleanup process
There's nothing you can do to eradicate the infestation. However, by squishing, removing, and killing bed bugs by cleaning, you can effectively reduce their numbers and chances to spread. Carefully carry all bedding or infected fabrics to the nearest dryer and put it on a high heat setting for at least half an hour. This will kill bed bugs. You can wash and dry the items after the initial dry.
4. Cover your mattress
Buy a bed bug-proof mattress cover or protector that will encase the entire mattress, not just the top portion. This should prevent more bed bugs from infesting your mattress and make it impossible for the ones that are currently there to get out.
5. Choose your sleeping arrangements carefully
It's understandable that you might not be able to sleep in your bed knowing that it's infested with bed bugs. However, if you've taken the steps above and think you'll be able to handle any bed bug-related anxiety, then it's best to sleep in your bed until it's treated by a PCO. This can reduce the chances of unwittingly spreading the infestation to other rooms in your home.
6. Inform your neighbors
Generally, after informing your landlord, they’ll take the appropriate measures to inform other tenants about the infestation. You can ask that identifying information be left off the notice. Additionally, landlords should work to emphasize that cleanliness does not impact one's ability to get bed bugs. Stigma aside, it's better to let people know, to help prevent the spread of the infestation in an apartment building or multi-unit home.
Keep in mind that your first responsibility is to yourself and safety. Your priority should be eliminating the bed bug infestation and doing what you can to reduce their population. Everything else can wait.
What is the Landlord's Responsibility?
Landlord’s responsibilities when it comes to pest infestations vary from state to state. Pest control can be costly, and in some cases, pests may be caused by tenant negligence and poor hygiene. Moreover, it can be difficult to determine where the bed bug infestation originated if it has spread to multiple apartments.
However, the consensus is that bed bugs make an apartment uninhabitable, so the responsibility of eradicating the pest problem lies with landlords. They’ll typically cover the cost of an exterminator.
It's best to check your local laws to determine who’s responsible for handling pest infestations. That’s because they can vastly differ between localities.
For example, within New York State, responsibility for pest infestations differs across the state. New York City laws state that landlords are responsible for eradicating bed bugs in any dwelling. That’s because they violate the tenant's right to a bed-bug free environment.
On the western side of the state, Erie County law states that tenants are responsible for handling an infestation if the property has only a single unit. However, if the infestation occurs in multi-unit dwellings, the responsibility lies with the owner.
If your locality requires tenants to handle bed bug infestations, check your renter's insurance policy. Depending on your policy, your insurance may cover alternative living situations until the infestation is eliminated. It may also cover damage to your property that bed bugs cause, including the replacement of bedding if it's been advised by a professional.
What are the Tenant's Rights?
Tenants' right to a home free of pests is generally protected under the implied warranty of habitability. If a pest infestation occurs due to landlords failing to provide a home that's secure from pests, then the tenant can take action.
However, in the case of bed bugs, it's usually nobody's fault. So, you'll have to check your local laws to determine what you can do in this situation.
In some cases, landlords are responsible for handling the bed bug infestation but choose not to. If your landlord is slow to respond or instructs you to handle the infestation on your own, keep a record of the correspondence.
You may opt to withhold rent, break the lease early, or sue your landlord. Keep in mind that these are only viable options if your local laws deem the landlord responsible for handling the pest problem and they fail to do so in a timely manner.
How to Prevent Bed Bugs
Bed bug prevention can be difficult to manage. It's not a simple matter of cleaning up after yourself or filling up holes in the wall.
Bed bugs are attracted to the places where humans dwell. In some ways, it's impossible to protect your home from bed bugs completely.
However, there are some ways to reduce the chances of a bed bug infestation. Here are some tips to help you prevent bed bugs from infesting your home.
- Declutter your Home: Though a bit of clutter won't attract bed bugs, it will give them more places to hide and make it difficult for you to find a source of the infestation. Remove as much clutter as you can to avoid this problem.
- Vacuum Thoroughly: Bed bugs can dwell in the corners of our homes that we don't pay much attention to. Thoroughly vacuuming can help you find bed bugs sooner rather than later.
- Keep a Close Eye on Your Bed: Monitor your bed frequently. You don't have to stand guard over it, but you should change your bedding routinely and check your mattress for new stains, droppings, or pests.
- Talk to Your Neighbors: If your neighbors have an infestation, they might be more willing to tell you about it if you’ve struck up a rapport.
- Investigate Bedding in Hotels: If you travel often, don't make the mistake of accidentally sleeping on a bed bug-infested mattress. Check the bedding down to the mattress before turning in for the night.
Bed bugs aren't exactly a bucket of fun. They can cause stress, stigma, and suffering. That's a lot of alliteration stuffed into such a small package.
However, knowing how to deal with them calmly is the only surefire way to avoid being overwhelmed by the little vampire-esque insects. Do what you can and let professionals handle the rest.